Syria, Iran, U.S. intervention, realism and anarchy

March 2013— U.S. foreign policy: overthrow Syria by “rebel proxy” to destabilize Iran.

If the U.S. overthrows Syria, Iran’s ability to fight Israel and become a regional hegemon is reduced.

Realist theory explains how and why this policy is being used to weaken Iran. Syria is Iran’s liaison for supporting Hezbollah and Hamas against Israel and the only Arab country in close alliance with Iran.

Syria’s importance comes from this alliance and the fact that Iran needs Syria in order to fulfill its goal of Middle East domination.

In the past, U.S. foreign policy kept a balance of regional power between Iran and Iraq, as each country received direct and indirect support from the U.S. and Israel during the Iran/Iraq War. This foreign policy kept Iran and Iraq fighting, instead of directing their anger toward Israel.

Now that Saddam Hussein’s iron fist policy toward Iran is gone, Iran is free to spread chaos across the Middle East and its “government” is able to focus its anger on Israel.

Therefore, to keep Iran from expanding its influence across the Middle East and threaten Israel, the U.S. is trying to isolate Iran by eliminating its closest ally in the Middle East: Assad’s regime in Syria.

Liberalism or Realism: Anarchy rules

The Obama Administration is not practicing a foreign policy based on the classic definition of liberalism.

There is no short term thought of “democratic nation building” at play in U.S. intervention in Syria. This is realism in its truest form. As anarchy rules in Syria, a classical realist says the U.S. must achieve power at all costs and act offensively to keep or re-establish power as the global hegemon.

The Second Cold War rages here, as this is another proxy war between the West and Far East communist-backed forces battling for regional and global hegemony.

The U.S. is practicing a promotive style of foreign policy as its goal is to increase its power and influence globally and, more specifically, in the Middle East, as the Chinese Communist Party (aligned with Iran) is attempting to unseat the United States as the global hegemon— one chessboard space at a time.

Phases of U.S. foreign policy toward Syria

In the articulation phase which eventually led to the U.S. backing the Syrian rebels, the media began to show evidence of the Syrian government massacres against civilians.

The true “formulation phase” didn’t come until after the 2012 elections, as the Obama Administration didn’t want to appear to detractors as getting the U.S. involved in another Middle East conflict (Bureaucrats see the world through the lens of the next election). The government cites civilian massacres as a reason to back the rebels.

In the implementation phase, the U.S. and its allies begin to lend financial aid or military hardware support to the rebels.

Predictable outcome or any anarchist port in a Middle East Storm?

The problem is who rises to the top of the power structure with so many factions attempting to prop up or overthrow Assad’s regime. Al-Qaeda is attempting to install a new dictator, while Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah attempts to save its loyal ally in order to continue an assault on Israel.

Although the U.S. is using the C.I.A., various rebel groups and private armies/mercenaries to conduct semi-clandestine operations in Syria, it doesn’t mean an anti-Iranian government will rise to the top in Syria. If anything, the main goal of this U.S. foreign policy initiative is to remove Iran’s “absolute” ally in Syria, weaken Iran’s regional influence and hope for the best after the ashes settle.

Anarchy, and realism, rules.

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